Effect of Action Observation and Imitation on Improving the Functional Activities Indices in Hemiplegic Patients based on Mirror Neurons Theory

Ghanjal, Ali and Torkaman, Giti and Ghabaee, Mojdeh and Ebrahimi, Esmaeil and Motaqhey, Monireh (2014) Effect of Action Observation and Imitation on Improving the Functional Activities Indices in Hemiplegic Patients based on Mirror Neurons Theory. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 24 (118). pp. 136-150.

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Official URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-4647-en.html

Abstract

Background and purpose: Stroke patients often suffer from several impairments such as sensory, motor, cognitive and emotional disorders. These conditions cause limitations in performing daily activities. This study sought to assess the effect of action observation and imitation on improvement of functional activity indices in hemiparetic patients based on mirror neuron theory. Material and methods: A single blind clinical trial was carried out including 36 men and women (aged 45 to 60 years) suffering from ischemic CVA for the first time. Subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups of functional film, non-functional (symbols) film and a control (that did not watch any film) group. Usual rehabilitation treatments were performed for all groups. Timed up and go, and six-minute walk were done and Barthel Index and Berg balance scale were applied. Results: The differences in functional activity indices were statistically significant in all 3 groups before and after the intervention. However, these differences were more significant in group 1. (Timed up and go (P=0.001), six-minute walk (P=0.003), Barthel functional activities (P=0.006), and Berg balance (P=0.000)). Conclusion: Action observation and imitation with rehabilitation exercises and targeted motor activities (by stimulating the brain's plasticity) had a positive effect on improvement of functional activity indices in post-stroke patients. (Clinical Trials Registry Number: IRCT2014091319135N1)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mirror neurons, action observation, imitation, functional activity, stroke
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@mazums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 11:49
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 11:49
URI: http://eprints.mazums.ac.ir/id/eprint/966

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