Self-care behaviors in patients with systolic heart failure

ZeighamiMohamadi, Sharareh and Alhani, Fateme and Shakoor, Manijeh and Farmani, Parvin and Mohseni, Behnam and FallahTaherpazir, Ebrahim (2015) Self-care behaviors in patients with systolic heart failure. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 2 (1). pp. 46-54.

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Background and Purpose: To improve life quality, and lower mortality and rehospitalization for heart failure patients, awareness and adherence to self-care behaviors are essential. This study aims to determine the adherence level to self-care behaviors in the patients with systolic heart failure hospitalized in Alborz hospital in Karaj andShahriar hospital, and it was conducted in 2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 patients with at least one year experience of developing heart failure and ejection fraction below 40 were studied. They were admitted to Alborz Social Security hospital of Karaj and the Social Security Hospital Shahriar during 2012-2013. They were selected through convenience sampling. Demographic data and European Heart Failure Self-care Behavior questionnaires were completed through interviews. Data analysis has been done using SPSS, V.18 and independent t-test and ANOVA. Results: 84 of the subjects had moderate and 10 had poor adherence to self-care. The best adherence to self-care behaviors was related to the drug and diet regimen and the poorest to the daily weight control and exercise. There was a significant relationship between self-care behaviors and age (p=0.011), marital status (p=0.008), the number of chronic diseases (p=0.048), hypertension (p=0.038), chronic pulmonary obstruction (p=0.029), renal disease (p=0.017) and severity of the disease (p=0.032). Conclusion: Adherence to self-care behaviors in heart failure patients is not appropriate. Training and following up self-care behaviors should focus on the specific problems of aging, social support, diet and drug regimens simplification and its relation with other chronic diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heart failure, Self-care, Drug and diet adherence
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 19:05
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 19:05

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