Survey of Solid Waste and Wastewater Separate and Combined Management Strategies in Rural Areas of Iran

Fahiminia, Mohammad and Ansarr, Mohsen and Nazari, Shahram and Majidi, Gharib and Fahiminia, Vahideh and Naseri, Simmin and Mahvi, Amirhossein and Azimi, Aliakbar and Yousefi, Naser (2014) Survey of Solid Waste and Wastewater Separate and Combined Management Strategies in Rural Areas of Iran. Iranian Journal of Health Sciences, 2 (4). pp. 27-35.

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Official URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-231-en.html

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Improper wastewater and solid waste management in rural areas could be a risk to human health and environment pollution. One percent of Iran’s rural area is connected to the wastewater collection network. Solid waste management in rural areas of Iran is mainly consisted uncontrolled dumping and open burning. The aim of this study is prioritization of wastewater and solid waste separate and combined management strategies in rural areas of Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study. In this study, firstly were determined appropriate and conventional methods for wastewater and solid waste separate and combined management by using national and case studies. Then, using specified criteria and by applying a weighting system, prioritization was conducted and implementation strategies presented for wastewater and solid waste separate and combined management. Results: The first priority for the collection and treatment, wastewater in rural areas are smalldiameter gravity systems and preliminary treatment with complementary treatment by land, respectively. In order to the rural solid waste management, organic compost complementary systems were in first priority. In the wastewater and solid waste combined management, the first priority was compost and biogas production by combining anaerobic UASB reactor and Chinese biogas. Conclusion: Considering for influence of various factors in selecting an appropriate method is very important in order to wastewater and solid waste separate and the combined management of a rural. Therefore, the accordance of presenting strategy with local conditions and facilities should be taken into consideration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solid waste, Wastewater, Management, Rural areas, Iran
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@mazums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 09:32
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 09:32
URI: http://eprints.mazums.ac.ir/id/eprint/267

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