Review of Leptospirosis in Iran

Rafiei, Alireza and HedayatiZadehomran, Akbar and Babamahmoodi, Farhang and AlizqadehNavaee, Reza and Valadan, Rez (2012) Review of Leptospirosis in Iran. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 22 (94). pp. 102-110.

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Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease in nearly all parts of the world, especially in tropical and subtropical areas and is prevalent in hot and humid areas. Particularly in the northern provinces of Caspian Sea in Iran by having mild and wet weather conditions, this disease is more spread to other parts of the country. Today, with evolution of the Leptospira, disease from traditional village that enhance its prevalence among farmers and fishing, modified to epidemics in urban communities that do not have good health. Thus the purpose of this review is epidemiology, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of leptospirosis. Prevalence of the disease in each zone depends on climate, geography, population, domestic and wild animals, and the abundance of surface water. Laboratory diagnosis of leptospirosis important and Micro Agglutination Test (MAT) in the diagnosis of disease is Valuable. Molecular tests such as PCR can be used in early detection of disease particularly when there are no specific antibodies. ELISA tests are also important in early screening. Disease prevention will be Possible by increasing awareness of the people at risk, regional health systems employees, and prevention from human contact with contaminated materials and vaccination of livestock and animals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leptospirosis, epidemiology, fever
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 18:17
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 18:17

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