The Inequity of Expenditure Ratios on Health and Food among Different Deciles of Iranian Households

Naghdi, Seyran and Azami, Saeed Reza and Naghdi, Afshin and FaghiSolouk, Farshad and Ghiasvand, Hesam (2013) The Inequity of Expenditure Ratios on Health and Food among Different Deciles of Iranian Households. Iranian Journal of Health Sciences, 1 (3). pp. 18-27.

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Official URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-118-en.html

Abstract

Background and purpose: Utilization of health care services and food influence the health status. The food and health care expenditure ratios determine the importance level of them in household's consumption expenditures. We aimed to investigate the Iranian rural and urban food and health expenditure ratios inequality during 1998 to 2012. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive longitudinal study, which conducted based on Iranian Statistics Centre and Central Bank annual surveys. Firstly we calculated the households food and health expenditure ratios. Then we calculated the Gini coefficients and Atkinson index by using STATA version 12. Results: The mean of rural households food and health expenditure ratios were 0.53 and 0.37 respectively. Also these were 0.53 and 0.22 for urban households. All above inequality levels are based on Gini coefficients. Conclusion: There is a high level of inequality between Iranian rural and urban income deciles for health expenditure ratio, but the food expenditure ratio inequality were less and lower.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food Eexpenditure, Health Eexpenditure, Inequality, Gini Coefficient, Atkinson Index
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@mazums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 18:14
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 18:14
URI: http://eprints.mazums.ac.ir/id/eprint/228

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