Performance Evaluation of Magnetized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes by Iron Oxide Nanoparticles in Removing Fluoride from Aqueous Solution

Yeganebadi, Mojtaba and Azari, Ali and Esrafili, Ali and Ahmadi, Ehsan and Gholami, Mitr (2015) Performance Evaluation of Magnetized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes by Iron Oxide Nanoparticles in Removing Fluoride from Aqueous Solution. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 25 (124). pp. 128-142.

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Official URL: http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-5687-en.html

Abstract

Background and purpose: Contamination of drinking water with fluoride due to natural and human activities is a serious problem that threatens human health. Long-term and excessive consumption of water containing fluoride could lead to endocrine glands diseases and Alzheimer's disease. Adsorption process is an effective and popular method for removal of fluoride, so the purpose of this research was magnetizing multiwall carbon nanotubes with nano iron oxide and using it as an adsorbent for fluoride removal from aqueous solution. Materials and methods: Co-precipitation method used for synthesized magnetic nano composite and its characteristics were investigated by SEM, TEM, XRD and VSM techniques. The effect of independent variables such as contact time, pH, temperature, adsorbent dose and initial concentration on fluoride removal was analyzed by response surface methodology (box-Behnken design method) and ANOVA. Results: The optimum condition was obtained at pH= 3, 2g/L sorbent dosage in 2h contact time and 45oC temperature. Isotherms and kinetics results showed that the Langmuir model and pseudo-second order were correlated by data with R2>0.98 and R2>0.941, respectively. Thermodynamic values revealed that fluoride adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous. Conclusion: In this study synthesized adsorbent was found efficient in fluoride removal (98.5 adsorption in optimal condition) and due to magnetic ability it can be easily separated from the samples by an external magnet. Therefore, it can be applied in removal of fluoride from drinking water.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption, magnetic multiwall carbon nanotubes, iron oxide nanoparticles, fluoride, response surface model
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@mazums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 14:32
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 14:32
URI: http://eprints.mazums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1166

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